MEDAL of HONOR

Since the Medal of Honor was created in 1861 there have been 3,469 awarded. Approximately half were awarded during the Civil War alone.

The Medal of Honor is the highest US Military coolidehonor awarded for personal acts of valor above and beyond the call of duty. It is awarded by the President on behalf of the Congress and represents the gratitude of the American people.

There are two methods of being nominated for the Award. The most common is for the service member to be nominated and approved by the chain of command for his organization, the other is to be nominated by Congress and approved by a special Act of Congress.

The presentation is usually made at a formal ceremony, by the President, at the White House. Medals awarded posthumously are presented to the primary next of kin. Since 1941 more than half of the Medals have been awarded posthumously.

There are three versions of the Medal, Army, Navy, and Air Force.300px-Medalsofhonor2 Marine and Coast Guard members receive the Navy version.

 

The Medal and any associated ribbon or badge is protected by law from any unauthorized adornment, sale or manufacture to maintain the high level of prestige associated with the award.

CRITERIA

The criteria for the nomination has evolved over time. In the 1800s there was no other authorized military decoration so the Medal was awarded for any act outside regular battlefield involvement. In the early 1900s, the Navy issued two versions of the Medal, one for combat and one for non-combat acts of bravery. During World War I the Army would tighten it’s nominations to acts of valor under combat conditions while the Navy would keep it’s peacetime, Tiffany Cross, conditions until 1963. In July of 1963 Public Law 88-77 standardized the criteria to combat acts only.

PRESENTATION HISTORY

The first Army Medals of Honor were presented in March 1863 to the “Andrews Raiders”, six men who hijacked a Confederate railroad train, by Sec. of War Stanton.

Andrews Raiders

The first Navy Medals of Honor were presented April 1863, to 41 sailors for their actions during the battles for St. Philip and Fort Jackson, by Sec. of War Stanton.

New Orleans h76369k.jpg

Fort Jackson

The first Marine awarded the Navy Medal of Honor was John F. Mackie, July 1863, for his actions on the USS Galena.

USS Galena watercolor NH59541.jpg

USS Galena

The only Coast Guardsmen to receive the Navy Medal of Honor was Douglas Munro, May 1943, for evacuating 500 Marines under fire on Guadalcanal. The Medal was presented posthumously.

Munro.jpg

Douglas Munro

The only woman awarded the Army Medal of Honor was Mary Edwards Walker, 1865, a civilian Union Army surgeon for her action at the First Battle of Bull Run and the Battle of Atlanta.

Mary Edwards Walker.jpg

Mary Edwards Walker

WAR on TERROR RECIPIENTS

While it is unfortunate that conditions still exist for the performance of such acts of valor to be recognized, we proudly salute the following individuals.

( * denotes Medal awarded posthumously)

IRAQ

*Corporal Jason L. Dunham

Corporal Jason L. Dunham Date of Issue: 01/11/2007 Organization: U.S. Marine Corps, Company K, 3d Battalion, 7th Marines

*Private First Class Ross A. McGinnis

Private First Class Ross A. McGinnis Date of Issue: 06/05/2008 Organization: U.S. Army, Company C, 1st Battalion, 1st Infantry Division Date Entered Service: June 14, 2004

*Petty Officer 2nd Class Michael A. Monsoor

Petty Officer 2nd Class Michael A. Monsoor Date of Issue: 04/08/2008 Organization: U.S. Navy, SEAL Team 3

*Sergeant First Class Paul R. Smith

Sergeant First Class Paul R. Smith Date of Issue: 04/05/2005 Organization: U.S. Army

AFGHANISTAN

Lance Corporal William Kyle Carpenter

Lance Corporal William Kyle Carpenter Date of Issue: 06/19/2014 Organization: U.S. Marine Corps

Specialist Ty M. Carter

Specialist Ty M. Carter Date of Issue: 08/26/2013 Organization: U.S. Army, Battle Company, B Troop, 3d Squadron, 61st Cavalry Regiment

Staff Sergeant Salvatore A. Giunta

Staff Sergeant Salvatore A. Giunta Date of Issue: 11/16/2010 Organization: U.S. Army, Battle Company, 2nd Battalion, 503d Infantry, 173d Airborne Brigade

Sergeant Dakota Meyer

Sergeant Dakota Meyer, USMC Date of Issue: 09/15/2011 Organization: U.S. Marine Corps.

*Staff Sergeant Robert J. Miller

Staff Sergeant Robert J. Miller Date of Issue: 10/06/2010 Organization: U.S. Army, Special Forces Operational Detachment Alpha 3312

*Sergeant First Class Jared C. Monti

Sergeant First Class Jared C. Monti Date of Issue: 09/17/2009 Organization: U.S. Army, Headquarters Company, 10th Mountain Division

*Lieutenant Michael P. Murphy

Lieutenant Michael P. Murphy Date of Issue: 10/22/2007 Organization: U.S. Navy, ALFA Platoon, SEAL Delivery Vehicle Team 1

Sergeant Ryan M. Pitts

Sergeant Ryan M. Pitts Date of Issue: 07/21/2014 Organization: U.S. Army, 2nd Battalion, 503rd Infantry, 173d Airborne Brigade

Staff Sergeant Leroy A. Petry

Staff Sergeant Leroy A. Petry   Date of Issue: 07/12/2011 Organization: U.S. Army, Company D, 2d Battalion, 75th Ranger Regiment

Staff Sergeant Clinton L. Romesha

Staff Sergeant Clinton L. Romesha   Date of Issue: 02/11/2013 Organization: U.S. Army, 3d Squadron, 61st Cavalry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th Infantry Division

Captain William D. Swenson

Captain William D. Swenson Date of Issue: 10/15/2013 Organization: U.S. Army, Task Force Phoenix, 1st Battalion, 32nd Infantry Regiment, 3d Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division

Sergeant Kyle J. White

Captain William D. Swenson Date of Issue: 05/13/2014 Organization: U.S. Army, Company C, 2d Battalion (Airborne), 503d Infantry, 173d Airborne Brigade

BREAKDOWN of AWARDS

Conflict     Dates Medal Count

Civil War 1861–1865 1522
Indian Wars 1865-1891 426
Korean Expedition 1871 15
Spanish-American War 1898 110
Samoan Civil War 1886–1894 4
Philippine-American War 1899–1902 86
Boxer Rebellion 1899–1901 59
Occupation of Veracruz 1914 56
United States occupation of Haiti 1915–1934 8
Dominican Republic Occupation 1916–1924 3
World War I 1914–1918 124
Occupation of Nicaragua 1912–1933 2
World War II 1939–1945 464
Korean War 1950–1953 137
Vietnam War 1955–1975 247
USS Liberty incident 1967 1
Battle of Mogadishu 1993 2
Iraq War 2003–2011 4
Afghanistan War 2001–present 12
Peacetime 193
Unknown soldiers 9

 

Double recipients

Name Service Rank§ War(s) Notes
BaldwinFrank Baldwin Army First Lieutenant, Captain American Civil War, Indian Wars
ButlerSmedley Butler Marine Corps Major Veracruz, Haiti
CooperJohn Cooper Navy Coxswain American Civil War
CukelaLouis Cukela Marine Corps Sergeant World War I Awarded both Navy and Army versions for the same action.
Custer Thomas Custer Army Second Lieutenant American Civil War Battle of Namozine Church on 3 April and Battle of Sayler’s Creek on 6 April 1865.
DalyDaniel Daly Marine Corps Private, Gunnery Sergeant Boxer Rebellion, Haiti [146]
HoganHenry Hogan Army First Sergeant Indian Wars
Jason Ernest A. Janson Marine Corps Gunnery Sergeant World War I Both awarded for the same action. Received the Army MOH under the name Charles F. Hoffman.
KellyJohn J. Kelly Marine Corps Private World War I Both awarded for the same action.
KingJohn King Navy Water tender Peacetime 1901 and 1909
KocakMatej Kocak Marine Corps Sergeant World War I Both awarded for the same action.
LaffertyJohn Lafferty Navy Fireman, First Class Fireman American Civil War, peacetime
McCloyJohn C. McCloy Navy Coxswain, Chief Boatswain Boxer Rebellion, Veracruz
MullenPatrick Mullen Navy Boatswain’s Mate American Civil War
PruittJohn H. Pruitt Marine Corps Corporal World War I Both awarded for the same action.
Sweeney Robert Sweeney Navy Ordinary Seaman Peacetime 1881 and 1883
WeisbogelAlbert Weisbogel Navy Captain of the Mizzen Top Peacetime 1874 and 1876
Williams Louis Williams Navy Captain of the Hold Peacetime 1883 and 1884. Also known as Ludwig Andreas Olsen.
Wilson William Wilson Army Sergeant Indian Wars

By branch of service
Service Army Navy Marines Air Force Coast Guard
Awards 2418 747 299 18 1

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.